Electoral Reforms

Electoral Reforms 


We have adopted representative democracy. The voters elect their representatives freely and fairly and hand over the power to the representatives for a fixed tenure. For this, elections are conducted in the country from time to time. This system is so complex and intricate, and the rate of illiteracy in our country is so high that some experts have expressed doubt about its effective implementation. It’s  suggested that in order to mitigate the flaws and evils,the fifty percent of total seats should be reserved for proportional representative system and the remaining fifty percent seats may be filled by the existing ‘the most first place votes’ system meaning the one who gets more votes among all
(1) Remove discordance between the achieved votes and the seats and make election more representative:

The main defect of our electoral system is that sometimes there is not balance between the achieved votes and the seats. We can remove many flaws of electoral process if we adopt this system. However, there are some demerits of this system, too. For example, it encourages multiparty system, defections in political parties, the increased dominance of party leaders, the demand of larger constituencies and the lack of direct contact between the representatives and the constituencies, etc. most of the candidates are electedby marginal votes. In the same way, the party which gets marginal votes can get the majority of seats. Thus, the discordance between the votes and the seats emerges.  The representation does not reflect in the elections of candidates and political parties gaining majority of votes , and hence, it is not reflected in the elected government also. This limitation creates a big lacuna in the representative system. To remove this lacuna, the system of proportional representation is recommended. In this system, the party gets seats in the proportion of the votes it gained. We can remove many flaws of electoral process if we adopt this system. However, there are some demerits of this system, too. For example, it encourages multiparty system, defections in political parties, the increased dominance of party leaders, the demand of larger constituencies and the lack of direct contact between the representatives and the constituencies, etc. This system is so complex and intricate, and the rate of illiteracy in our country is so high that some experts have expressed doubt about its effective implementation. It’s  suggested that in order to mitigate the flaws and evils,the fifty percent of total seats should be reserved for proportional representative system and the remaining fifty percent seats may be filled by the existing ‘the most first place votes’ system meaning the one who gets more votes among all candidates will be declared elected. This system is functional in Germany. Thus, there should be inter relation between the achieved votes and seats, otherwise it can harm the representative nature of political system. 

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